Daily Vocabulary & Practice For SSC Exams

Daily Vocabulary & Practice For SSC Exams:13 march 2019

Daily Vocabulary & Practice For SSC Exams:13 march 2019

Daily Vocabulary & Practice For SSC Exams:13 march 2019: In this Post we provide you Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms & Phrases , Pair of words and one word substitution. Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. Speaking of Govt Exams,  SSC GD Constable 2019-20  and SSC CPO Exams are the latest opportunities followed by SSC CGL 2018-19 and SSC CHSL 2018-19 Exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences based on the given word list

#days22

  Word   Meaning   Synonyms Antonyms
1.        Abject निन्दनीय Despicable Commendable
2.        Authentic प्रमाणिक/सच्चा Genuine Fictitious
3.        Audacity साहस/ढिठार्इ Boldness Mildness
4.        Bewitching मोहिनी/लुभाने वाली Magical Repulsive
5.        Comprise सम्मिलित करना Include Reject
6.        Compassion कृपा/दया Kindness Cruelty
7.        Concur सहमत होना Approve Differ
8.        Chastise दण्ड देना Punish Cheer
9.        Chaste पवित्र/आडम्बर रहित Virtuous Sullied
10.    Caricature हँसी उड़ाना   Exaggeration Exactness
11.    Defile दूषित करना/अपवित्र करना Contaminate Purify
12.    Defer विलम्ब करना Prolong Accelerate
13.    Dedicate अर्पित करना Devote Refuse
14.    Decipher अर्थ निकालना Interpret Misinterpret
15.    Epitome संक्षेप संग्रह Precise Increment
16.    Endowment धर्मदान/वृत्तिदान Grant Drawback
17.    Endeavour प्रयत्न करना Undertake Cease
18.    Fluctuate अनियमित/उतार-चढ़ाव Deflect Stable
19.    Flimsy पतली/हलकी सामग्री Trifling Firm
20.    Fleeting क्षणिक Transient Enduring

 

One-Word Substitutions

1.         Fastidious (दुराराध्य/तुनक मिजाज) One who is very selective in one’s
2.         Fanatic or Bigot (कट्टर) One who is filled with excessive and mistaken enthusiasm in religious matters
3.         Curator (संग्रहालय अध्यक्ष) A person incharge of a museum
4.         Lexicographer (कोश-रचनाकार) One who compiles a dictionary
5.         Anthropologist (मानवविज्ञान का ज्ञाता) One who studies the evolution of mankind
6.         Autocracy (एकतंत्रीय शासन/तानाशाही) Government by one person
7.         Suicide (आत्महत्या) Murder of oneself
8.         Homicide (नर हत्या) Murder of man
9.         Fratricide (भ्रातृ हत्या) Murder of brother
10.     Fugitive (भगोड़ा/फरार) One who runs away from justice or the law

 

IDIOMS & PHRASES

  1. In the blues (depressed): After the marriage of his girl friend he is in the blues these days.
  2. Palmy days (affluent days): I can never forget those palmy days of my life.
  3. Heart and soul (devotedly): Mukul always does his work heart and soul.
  4. At sixes and sevens (in disorder): When we entered his room everything was at sixes and sevens.
  5. To call a spade a spade (to speak plainly): I like Ravi because he always calls a spade a spade.
  6. Part and parcel (inseparable part): Kashmir is part and parcel of India.
  7. Green horn (inexperienced): Though a green horn in this business, he appears to have a bright future.
  8. Ivory tower (imaginary world): He who thinks of an honest and unselfish leader in today’s politics live in ivory tower.
  9. Oily tongue (Flattering word): Arun often wing over the enemies by his oily tongue.
  10. Pull one’s socks up (work hard): You must pull your socks up to get good marks in the examination.
PHRASAL VERBS
1.         Act upon Do according to (के अनुसार कार्य करना)
2.         Act on Affect (प्रभाव डालना)
3.         Act for To work in place of someone else (किसी के स्थान)
4.         Back out To withdraw from a promise (वायदे से मुकर जाना)
5.         Back up Support (समर्थन करना)
6.         Bear out To confirm (पुष्टि करना)
7.         Bear away Win (जीतना )
8.         Bear down Crush (कुचलना )
9.         Bear upon To be connected (सम्बन्धित होना)
10.     Bear with Tolerate (गिराना)

Quiz-23

Q1. Change into Active/Passive Voice.

The child’s shrill wail broke the silence.

(a)The silence was being broken by the child’s shrill wail.

(b)The child’s shrill wail was broken by the silence.

(c)The silence was broken by the child’s shrill wail.

(d)The silence was being broken by the child’s shrill wail.

 

Q2. Change into Active/Passive Voice.

One cannot expect children to understand these problems.

(a)Children cannot be expected to understand these problems.

(b)Children to understand these problems cannot be expected.

(c)Children cannot be expected to be understood these problems.

(d)To understand these problems cannot be expected from children by one.

 

Q3. Choose the word opposite in meaning to the word given in bold.

 ENIGMATIC

(a)simple

(b) reticent

(c) plain

(d) nervous

 

Q4. Choose the word opposite in meaning to the word given in bold.

SYNTHETIC

(a)natural

(b)plastic

(c)cosmetic

(d)apathetic

 

Q5. Change into Direct/Indirect speech.

 He said, ”I am going to college Just now.”

(a)He said that he was going to college just now.

(b)He asked that he was going to college just then.

(c)He said that he was going to college just then.

(d)He asked that he was going to college just now.

 

Q6. Change into Direct/Indirect speech.

 The man said, “All the boys are playing in the street.”

(a)The man told us that all the boys had been playing in the street.

(b)The man told us that all the boys were playing in the street.

(c)The man told us that all the boys play in the street.

(d)The man told us that all the boys in the street are playing.

 

Q7.  Identify the grammatical error in the sentence.

The young men from Japan (1)/ found the assent of the mountain(2)/ hard going (3)/ No error (4)

(a)The young men from Japan

(b) found the assent of the mountain

(c) hard going

(d)No error

 

Q8.  Identify the grammatical error in the sentence.

A cup of coffee (1)/ is an excellent complement (2)/ to smoked salmon (3)/ No error (4)

(a)A cup of coffee

(b) is an excellent complement

(c) to smoked salmon

(d)No error

 

Q9.He was ________accept the grudgingly given invitation.

(a)Not enough sensible to

(b)Sensible enough to

(c)Sensible enough not to

(d)Sensible enough to not

 

Q10.There are some people who doubt the ________ of anything they see in a newspaper

(a)credulity

(b) possibility

(c) veracity

(d) existence

 

Q11. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given Idiom/ Phrase.

to end in smoke

(a)to have a smoking session

(b)to be on Are

(c)to come to nothing

(d)to bum slowly

 

Q12. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given Idiom/ Phrase.

My friend turned a deaf ear tomy tale of loss and refused to help me.

(a)paid no heed

(b)went far away

(c)listened carefully

(d)turned his ear away

 

Q13. Directions: Out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

Excessive preoccupation with one’s health

(a)Hypochondria

(b)Malaise

(c)Disaffected

(d)Malinger

 

Q14. Directions: Out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

Words of similar meaning

(a)(l) Homonyms

(b) Pseudonyms

(c) Antonyms

(d) Synonyms

 

Q15. Directions : In these questions, the first and last sentence of the passage are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the passage is split into four parts and named P,Q,R,S . These four parts are not given in proper order. Read the sentences and find out which of the four combinations is correct.

  1. When you ponder over

P.that the only hope

Q.you will realize

R.of world peace lies

S.the question deeply

6 in the United Nations

(a)QRSP

(b)SPQR

(c) SQPR

(d)RSPQ

 

Q16. Directions : In these questions, the first and last sentence of the passage are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the passage is split into four parts and named P,Q,R,S . These four parts are not given in proper order. Read the sentences and find out which of the four combinations is correct.

  1. In ancient times a King named Sagar performed the ‘Ashwamedha Yagna’.

P.No one could capture the horse.

Q.Many, tried to capture the horse.

R.As per rules a splendid horse was let loose and allowed to wander.

S.Those who tried had to light Sagar’s warriors.

  1. Thus Sagar’s fame spread far and wide.

(a)RSPQ

(b) RQPS

(c) RQSP

(d) QPRS

 

Q17. Choose the alternative which improve the bold part of sentence.

Will you type these letters now ?

(a)Could

(b)Can

(c) Shall

(d)No improvement

 

Q18. Choose the alternative which improve the bold part of sentence.

A callous system generates noth¬ing but a misanthrope.

(a)develops

(b) induces

(c) produces

(d) No Improve-ment

 

Q19. Choose the word which best expresses (synonym) the meaning of the bold word.

 AUDACITY

(a)strength

(b)boldness

(c) asperity

(d)fear

 

Q20. Choose the word which best expresses (synonym) the meaning of the bold word.

PERSPICUOUS

(a)relevant

(b) precise

(c) brief

(d)clear

ANSWERS :

            1c        a       a       a       c       b       b       d       c       10 c     11 c     12 a     13 a     14 d     15 c            16 c     17 a     18 c     19 b     20 b

Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has Capital Alphabets. Against each Alphabet, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The world is going (___A___) a deep recession. At such a time, one thing we need in abundance is jobs for the semiskilled and unskilled. This is the only way in which equal (___B___) of wealth can take place. The healthcare industry is (___C___) poised to occupy this position. the IT industry hires people from the upper middle strata and rich families, usually engineers, (___D___) the healthcare industry hires nurses, to the tune of eighty percent of the jobs created, from the lower economic strata. Global healthcare is a $ 4.5 trillion industry, (___E___) only to the agroindustry. Even then healthcare (___F___) only eight percent of world’s population. Policymakers should (___G___) at healthcare industry as not only an industry which addresses pain but also as one which can (___H___) the economy. The last century was driven by machines that addressed human toil and it is strongly (___I___) that this century will be driven by healthcare. This, however, will only happen if policymakers make a conscious effort to (___J___) the right policies in place soon.

 

Q1. A

(a)past

(b)Against

(c)through

(d)across

 

Q2. B

(a)earning

(b)share

(c)venture

(d)distribution

 

Q3. C

(a)commonly

(b)ideally

(c)indefinitely

(d)preferably

 

Q4. D

(a)whereas

(b)unlike

(c)besides

(d)although

 

Q5. E

(a)encouraging

(b)second

(c)lesser

(d)beating

 

Q6. F

(a)affords

(b)cures

(c)visits

(d)reaches

 

Q7. G

(a)look

(b)plan

(c)weigh

(d)admire

 

Q8. H

(a)affect

(b)effect

(c)influence

(d)impede

 

Q9. I

(a)thought

(b)credited

(c)identified

(d)believed

 

Q10. J

(a)derive

(b)frame

(c)figure

(d)put

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

Although Indians spend less money on allopathic medicines than people in most Asian Countries more than 40000 drug formulations are available here. All manufacturers are required by law to provide information about their product either on the packaging or in a pamphlet inside. But in many cases this information is very meager and hard to understand. Many doctors too do not tell their patients anything about the drugs they prescribe. What should we be concerned about when we take drugs ? There are two areas directions. Many of us disobey prescription instruction .A on how much to take and when. It is easy to fall into thinking that more of the drug will speed up the healing. It is more common however for people to stop taking a drug when they begin to feel better. This too can be dangerous. What are the steps to be taken for safety?

 

Q11. Which one of the following statements is true ?

(a)Indians use more than 40 000 allopathic drugs.

(b)Indians hate allopathic medicines.

(c)Other Asian countries do not have allopathic medicines.

(d)Indians cannot afford allopathic drugs

 

Q12. How are drug users to be instructed by the manufacturers ?

(a)Doctors should give a manual of instruction.

(b)The Chemist should issue an instruction manual.

(c)Information should be printed on the carton or in a pamphlet kept inside it.

(d)Patients should keep In touch with drug manufacturers

 

Q13. Only one of the following sentences is right. Identify it.

(a)All medicines produce reactions of various degrees in their users.

(b)Evert mild drugs are not always safe.

(c)Medicines should be discontinued as soon as we feel better.

(d)More than the prescribed dose brings quicker recovery.

 

Q14. Drug manufacturers

(a)do not give instructions

(b)give all instructions necessary

(c)give very little and unintelligible information

(d)give information only when asked .

 

Q15.  Which one of the following is true?

(a)Throw away the drug that produces side effects and try another.

(b)Drugs may be taken with all kinds of foods.

(c)Drugs do not inhibit our normal life style.

(d)Drugs should be used only according to prescription.

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

This is the thorny side of the prevailing examination system. Most examiners have perfected their skill In making it a veritable nightmare for majority of the students. Quite unwittingly we have increased the enrolment in schools alarmingly] Most of the students have neither the requisite aptitude to learn nor any clear-cut goal In life. The destiny of students would be decided in the final examination of a written nature to test bookish rote memory. All laudable objectives of kindling originality and problem solving ability are trumpeted only in educational seminars and workshops. Ultimately all these are gone with the wind. No wonder examination hangs like a Damocles sword. Compare this with a related discipline such as music and dance. None would venture to seek entry into such centres of excellence unless one has proven aptitude to profit from training. Here the students have excellent rapport with their teachers who evaluate their performance on a day-to-day basis and provide constant feedback. Students enjoy practicing at home what they are taught in class. As they realise their progress by constant reinforcement they welcome and enjoy examination In class. Under the watchful guidance of committed teachers students grow and blossom out as well-trained artistes. This is possible and feasible because the teacher-pupil ratio is ideal and the attitude of the learner is based on devotion and dedication.

 

Q16.  “Ultimately all these are gone with the wind.” The above sentence shows that the writer

(a)enjoys the prevailing situation.

(b)regrets our ignoring the alms of true education.

(c)is quite satisfactory about the syllabus.

(d)makes fun of teachers and their students.

 

Q17. The passage emphasizes the need for

(a)making dance and music compulsory in schools.

(b)making examinations an enjoyable experience.

(c)seeking easy questions in the examinations.

(d)warning examiners Who harass students in the examinations.

 

Q18. The writer is dissatisfied with the examiners because they test students

(a)memory.

(b)originality.

(c)aptitude.

(d)creativity.

 

Q19. The writer s intention to compare the topic of discussion with that of dance and music is to

(a)show how students of dance and music enjoy not only learning but also examinations.

(b)popularise dance and music among all children.

(c)congratulate teachers who take good care of their students

(d)prove that dance and music alone can bring peace to us.

 

Q20. According to the passage the objectives of education should be

(a)to teach dance music and drama to students in schools and colleges.

(b)to reduce teacher-pupil ratio.

(c)not to test bookish rote memory.

(d)to encourage originality and problem solving ability.

ANSWERS :

            1 c       d       b       a       b       d       a       c       d       10 d     11 a     12 c     13 b     14 c     15 d             16 b     17 b     18 a     19 a     20 d

 

 

Designed & Developed by Prabhash Raman