General Knowledge for SSC Exams (Awards, Honours and Prizes

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Today , I providing you General Knowledge for SSC Exams (Awards, Honours and Prizes.Which is useful for all competitive EXAMS.

Nobel Prize

  • It is the most coveted international award of the world.
  • It was instituted by the inventor of dynamite, Alfred Bernard Nobel (1833-96).
  • The award is given on Dec. 10, which is the death anniversary of its founder.
  • Nobel made a trust from the money that he earned through the patent of his invention whose interest is used to give the money for the Nobel Prizes.
  • Nobel Prize is given every year to those eminent persons who have made pioneering achievements in the field of

Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace, Literature and Economics.

  • Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since 1901. Economics Nobel Prize was instituted in 1967 and was first given in 1969.

 

  • They were instututed in 1957 and named after Ramon Magsaysay, the late President of Philippines, who died in an air crash.
  • This award is given annually on Aug. 31, for outstanding contributions topublic service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts and international understanding.
  • They are often regarded as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

Recipients

Indian Recipient: Mother Teresa (1962), Jockin Arputham (2000), L. Ramdas (2004).

For Lterature, Journalism and Creative Communication Arts : Amitabh Chaudhury (1961), Satyajit Ray (1967), B, G, Vergheese (1975), Shambu Mitra (1976), Gour Kishore Ghosh (1981), Arun Shourie (1982), R, K, Lakshman (1984), K, V, Subbanna (1991), Mahasweta Devi (1997), P. Sainath (2007).
For Community Leadership : Acharya Vinobha Bhave (1958), Dara N, Khurodi , Thribhuvan Das K, Patel and Vergheese Kurian (1963), Kamaladevi Chattopdhyaya (1966), M, S, Swaminathan (1971), L, R, Bhat (1977), Rajanikant S, Arole and Mabelle R, Arole (1979), Panduranga Athavale (1996), Ms. Aruna Roy (2000), Rajendra Singh (2001), Ms. Shanta Sinha (2003), Prakash Amte and his wife Mandakini Amte (2008).

For Public Service : Jaya Prakash Narayan (1965), M, S, Subalakshmi (1974), Manibhai Desai (1982), Muralidhar Devidas Amte (1985), L, C, Jain (1989), M S Mehta (1997), V, Sharma (2005)

For Government Service : C, D, Deshmukh (1959), Kiran Bedi (1994), T, N, Seshan (1996), J, M, Lyngodh (2003).

For Emergent Leadership : Sandeep Pandey (2002), Arvind Kejriwal (2006).

Man Booker Prize

  • It is the highest literary award given to the authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries.
  • It was instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association along the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.
  • Booker Prize has been renamed as Man Booker Prize, as the sponsorship has been taken over by the Man Group, an international stockbroker.

Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding

  • It was instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
  • It is given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to the promotion of international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.

Oscar Awards

  • These awards were instituted in 1929 and conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures in USA.
  • These are considered the most prestigious awards in the cinema world.
  • The first Indian to get an Oscar was Bhanu Athaiya for the movie ‘Gandhi’.
  • Satyajit Ray was the first Indian who was awarded Oscar for lifetime achievements in cinema in 1992.

Grammy Awards

The GRAMMY Foundation was established in 1989 to cultivate an awareness, appreciation and advancement of the contribution of recorded music. American culture from the artistic and technical legends of the past to the still unimagined musical breakthroughs of the future generations of the music professionals. The GRAMMY Foundation works in partnership with its founder, the Recording Academy, to bring national attention to important issues such as the value and impact of music and arts education and the urgency of preserving rich cultural legacy.

Right Livelihood Award

  • It was instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London.
  • It is renowned as alternate Nobel Award to promote and contribute in the environment and social justice.

Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize

  • It was instituted in 1995 by the Government of India.
  • It is presented for international peace on the lines of Nobel Prize.

Unesco Peace Prize

  • It is presented by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisatic (UNESCO) for extraordinary contributions for international peace.

Unesco Human Rights Award

  • It is also presented by UNESCO for contributions in the field of Human Rights Awareness.

Un Human Rights Award

  • It is presented by United Nations (UN) for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
  • It is presented every sixth year.

World Food Prize

The Prize recognizes contributions in any field involved in the world food, supply-food and agriculture science and technology, manufacturing, marketing, nutrition, economics, poverty alleviation, political leadership and the social sciences. The prize was created in 1986 by Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Norman Borland and since 1990 has been sponsored by business man and pilanthropist John Ruan, The winner receives US$ 2,50,000.

Olympic Gold Order

  • It is presented by the international Olympic Committee for distinguished services in the development of the OLYMPIC MOVEMENT.
    Indira Gandhi Award for International Peace, Disarmament and Development
  • It is presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund for specialised contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.

Bharat Ratna

  • It is the highest civilian award of India. It is presented by the Government of India.
  • It is presented for exceptional public service and rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science.
  • It was instituted in 1954 and the first recepient was Dr. Radhakrishnan.
  • Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award for distinguished services in any field including Government service.
  • Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree are the other important civilian awards.

Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards

  • It was instituted in 1965 and is given for distinguished works in any recognised language by a scholar.

Sahitya Akademy Awards

  • It was instituted in 1955 and is given for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literatur during last 5 years.

Murtidevi Award

  • It was constituted in 1948 and is given in any Indian language or in English literature, for distinguished contribution to Indian values.

Saraswati Samman

  • It was instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation and is given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.

Tansen Awards

  • These awards are given by the Government of M.P. for the outstanding contribution in the field of music.

Vyas Samman

  • It was instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation for outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.

Tansen Awards

  • These awards are given by the Government of M.P. for the outstanding contribution in the field of music.

Iqbal Samman

  • These awards are given by the Government of M.P. for the outstanding contribution in the field of literature.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards

  • These Avards are given to the Indian scientists for their exceptional performance.

R.D. Birla Award

  • These awards are given in the field of medical sciences.

Dhanvantri Award

  • These awards are go en for the extra ordinary performance in medical sciences.

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award

It was launched in the year 1991-92 with the objective of honouring sports persons to enhance their dignity and place of honour in society. Under this, an amount of Rs. 5 lakhs is given as award for the most spectacular and outstanding performance in the field of sports by an individual sports person or a team.

Arjuna Award

Field Sports
Instituted in 1961
Cash Value Rs. 3 lakh

This award is given to a sportsman who has displayed outstanding performance for three years (prior to the year of award) both at national and international levels.

Dronacharya Award

Field Sports (for coaches)
Instituted in 1985
Cash value Rs. 3 lakh

The award was named after Dronacharya–the legendary guru of the epic age of Mahabharat, who taught archery and sports to Kauravas and Pandavas.
The award comprises fo a cheque, a plaque, a blazer and a citation. Up to 1986, the cash value of the award was Rs. 25,000.

Dhyan Chand Award

The objective of Dhyan Chand Award is to honour those sports persons who have contributed to sports by their performance and continue to contribute in promotion of sports even after retirement from their active sporting career. This award carries an amount of Rs. 5 lakhs.

Maulana Kalam Azad Trophy

This Trophy is awarded annually to the University which has given the best and all round performance in sports activities during the year of the award. The winner receives a replica of the Trophy and cash award of Rs. 2 lakhs, which is to be utilized for acquiring sports equipments.

Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award

These awards are given to recognize the contribution and performance in the field of adventure sports in air, water and on land. One award is given for lifetime achievement in the field of adventure sports. This is the first time that these awards are being conferred by the President of India. These awards have now been equated with the Arjuna awards in all respects. The award carries cash prize of Rs. 3 lakhs.

Gallantry Awards

  • Param Vir Chakra It is India’s highest award for bravery.
  • Mahavir Chakra It is the second highest gallantry award.
  • Vir Chakra It is the third highest ga~lantry award.
  • Ashok Chakra : It is the highest peace-time gallantry award.

 

 

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