CTET Social Science Notes (History) PDF Download
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National Movement of India 1905 to 1950
» The Indian National Congress Formed in 1885 by A. O. Hume, an Englishman and a retired civil
» First session in Bombay under W. C. Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it).
»In the first two decades (1885 1905), quite moderate in its approach and confided in British justice and generosity.
» But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress like Bipin Chandra Pal, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal, Bal, Pal).
» By Lord Curzon on Oct 16, 1905, through a royal Proclamation, reducing the old province of
»Bengal in size by creating East Bengal and Assam out of rest of Bengal. ✓ The objective was to set up a communal gulf between Hindus and Muslims.
»A mighty upsurge swept the country against the partition. National movement found real expression in the movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905.
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